Impressionism Vs Post Impressionism

Both Impressionism and Post Impressionism ushered in a new era in the world of art. This article is a guide comparing Impressionism vs Post Impressionism and the similarities and differences between both art styles that have impacted and shaped the arts culture in more ways than one.

Table of Contents:

Similarities between Impressionism and Post Impressionism:

Both styles were influenced by the French Movement and originated in France.
Both styles use rather bold brush strokes.
Both styles use similar mediums like oil painting and acrylic.
Both styles require a canvas and brushes to start.

Post Impressionism - Rainbow Bird (2015), Artist Celine Chia, Markers and Pen
Post Impressionism – Rainbow Bird (2015), Artist Celine Chia, Markers and Pen

Differences in Impressionism Vs Post Impressionism

ImpressionismPost Impressionism
Time PeriodEarly 1860s1886 – 1905
DefinitionDepiction of a Sketch or painting based on an artist’s impression of a scenery at that particular moment in time.It is a style that emphasises geometric forms and distortion forms for an expressive effect, alongside unnatural and random colours.
Art StylesCharacterised by the use of vibrant colours, harsh spontaneous brushstrokes, accurate depiction of light, with its changing quality, use of unusual visual angles, and the use of subjects from modernised urban life Less focused on the use of natural light, but more focused on the subject matter instead. This usage is subjected to the perception of the artist.
Post Impressionism Starry Night (2020), Artist Celine Chia, Oil Pastels
Post Impressionism- Starry Night (2020), Artist Celine Chia, Oil Pastels
ImpressionismPost Impressionism
Intention (Purpose)Freedom of expression; to capture the moment and draw what you see in the moment.Subject to the artist’s feelings, it is an expression of how an artist feels in that moment.
Accuracy
Slightly more realistic, as it has a tinge of realism and naturalism
Less realistic and more abstract
Colour SchemePastel and more neutral colours (depending on the lighting)Vivid bold colours and the artist can use unnatural or arbitrary colours 
Impressionism - Water Lilies, Artist Claude Monet (1916-1919) 
Comparison the differences in Impressionism vs post Impressionism
Impressionism – Water Lilies, Artist Claude Monet (1916-1919). Image source: https://www.wikiart.org/en/claude-monet/water-lilies-1919-1
ImpressionismPost Impressionism
ArtistsClaude Monet, Édouard Manet, Pierre-Auguste RenoirPaul Cézanne, Vincent Van Gogh, Pablo Ruiz Picasso
ArtworksWater Lily (Claude Monet)

Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (Édouard Manet)

Luncheon of the Boating Party
(Pierre-Auguste Renoir)
The Basket of Apples (Paul Cézanne)

Starry Night (Vincent Van Gogh)

The Old Guitarist (Pablo Ruiz Picasso)

Subject (of paintings)
Landscapes, trees, Urban houses and infrastructures like railroad stationsAny subject matter that conveys what the artist is trying to portray. This can range from still life to portraits and landscapes.
EvolutionPaved the way to Fauvism, Cubism, Neo-Impressionism and Post ImpressionismPaved the way to Modern Art, e.g. Fine Art, Still Life, Pop Art and Abstract Art.
Jester (2021), Cubism Art made Easy with Artist Celine Chia
Jester (2021), Cubism Art, Artist Celine Chia, Oil Pastels. Cubism was influenced by Impressionism

To sum up, the following is a table Compiling the Differences between Impressionism vs Post Impressionism:

ImpressionismPost Impressionism
Time PeriodEarly 1860s1886 – 1905
DefinitionDepiction of a Sketch or painting based on an artist’s impression of a scenery at that particular moment in time.It is a style that emphasises geometric forms and distortion forms for an expressive effect, alongside unnatural and random colours.
Art StylesCharacterised by the use of vibrant colours, harsh spontaneous brushstrokes, accurate depiction of light, with its changing quality, use of unusual visual angles, and the use of subjects from modernised urban lifeLess focused on the use of natural light, but more focused on the subject matter instead. This usage is subjected to the perception of the artist.
Intention (Purpose)Freedom of Expression; To capture the moment and draw what you see in the moment.
Subject to the artist’s feelings, it is an expression of how an artist feels in that moment.
AccuracySlightly more realistic, as it has a tinge of realism and naturalismLess realistic and more abstract
Colour SchemePastel and more neutral colours (depending on the lighting)Vivid bold colours and the artist can use unnatural or arbitrary colours
ArtistsClaude Monet, Édouard Manet, Pierre-Auguste RenoirPaul Cézanne, Vincent Van Gogh, Pablo Ruiz Picasso
ArtworksWater Lily (Claude Monet)

Le Déjeuner sur l’herbe (Édouard Manet)

Luncheon of the Boating Party
(Pierre-Auguste Renoir)
The Basket of Apples (Paul Cézanne)

Starry Night (Vincent Van Gogh)

The Old Guitarist (Pablo Ruiz Picasso)
Subject (of paintings)Landscapes, trees, Urban houses and infrastructures like railroad stationsAny subject matter that conveys what the artist is trying to portray. This can range from still life to portraits and landscapes.
EvolutionPaved the way to Fauvism, Cubism, Neo-Impressionism and Post ImpressionismPaved the way to Modern Art, e.g. Fine Art, Still Life, Pop Art and Abstract Art.
Table Showing the Differences between Impressionism vs Post Impressionism

Understanding more about Impressionism vs Non Impressionism is of paramount importance to learning more about the arts, and how these two distinct art styles paved the way to countless art forms that exist today. If you like our works, do stay up to date and interact with us on our socials !

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