Today, Artist Celine Chia shares with us some key insights to drawing techniques, namely one point perspective drawing art using a typical bedroom interior as context.
For every interior perspective drawing, in this case a one point perspective bedroom, the whole concept revolves around this term known as the vanishing point or diminishing point.
Every object in this image will take reference to this vanishing point. It is the point where all objects seem to merge towards to as we add depth to the drawing. The vanishing point is also known as the reference point to draw the interior perspective drawing.
Firstly, to create the vanishing point, draw a large cross by connecting a line from one end of the canvas to the diagonally opposite end. The vanishing point is the intersection between 2 planes. (where the 2D plane converge with the 3D plane)
By drawing a rectangle around the vanishing point, it adds a depth to the 2D image. Ensure that the edges of the rectangle intersect with the cross drawn in step 1.
By adding a few more marking lines towards the vanishing point, we create the illusion of greater depth and perspective.
Additionally,with the addition of more lines, you can create even more distinct objects. Here you can visualise objects as more lines get added to the picture. (More depth)
Let’s put our theory into practice! Here is an example of how a one point perspective art of a bedroom interior perspective drawing could look like. Remember your lessons – always take reference from the vanishing point.
The rule of thumb is as we go “deeper” into the picture, the objects should be portrayed as smaller since it is further away. With more practice, you can even create and play with the spaces (eg. creating circular, odd shaped rooms instead of the standard rectangular rooms).
Breakdown of Interior Perspective Drawing
Need more assistance? Let’s break down our one point perspective art into simpler steps. Visualise an imaginary rectangle, taking into account our vanishing point. Here, we’ve labelled the 4 sides into 1,2,3 and 4 respectively.
For side number 1, we will be drawing the ceiling and lights. Always remember your initial vanishing point – all our lines will converge from that point.
Here, we’ve darkened the lines in blue to make the visualisation of the ceiling lights easier.
After adding in the lights, remember to add in the pillars/beams (supports) to give the ceiling a more realistic one point perspective.
For side number 2, we will be drawing the window. The same technique applies for all parts of the one point perspective art. Always use your vanishing point as reference. Add in binders after you’re done with the walls.
For side number 3, we will be drawing the bed. We differentiate the lines using purple in this case, but the technique remains the same.
For side number 4, we will be drawing the entrance/exit of the room. Here, we will be drawing the lamp, drawer and wall accessories.
Last but not least, for the bedroom door in your one point perspective art. Using the same technique as mentioned previously, draw the outline of the door with reference to your vanishing point.
Here’s a timelapse of the whole process if you need a visual guide!